Wednesday, March 25, 2015Tweet
[IWS] AfDB: TAKING AFRICA'S IRREGULAR MIGRANTS INTO ACCOUNT: TRENDS, CHALLENGES, AND POLICY OPTIONS [23 March 2015]
IWS Documented News Service
Institute for Workplace Studies-----------------Professor Samuel B. Bacharach
School of Industrial & Labor Relations-------- Director, Institute for Workplace Studies
16 East 34th Street, 4th floor--------------------Stuart Basefsky
New York, NY 10016 -------------------------------Director, IWS News Bureau
NOTE: Funding for this service ends on 31 March 2015. Postings will end on this date as well.
African Development Bank (AfDB)
Economic Brief: vol.5, issue 1
TAKING AFRICA'S IRREGULAR MIGRANTS INTO ACCOUNT: TRENDS, CHALLENGES, AND POLICY OPTIONS [23 March 2015]
by Charlotte Karagueuzian and Audrey Verdier-Chouchane
[full-text, 16 pages]
According to the International Organization of Migration (2013), irregular migration refers to “movement that takes place outside the regulatory norms of the origin, transit and destination countries”. A migrant is considered as irregular when he does not meet the immigration laws’ requirements while entering, residing or working in a given transit or receiving country. In its 2010 report, IOM (2010) estimated irregular migrants at between 20 to 30 million people worldwide. This represents 10 to 15% of international migration flows. The United Nations (2013) estimate that inter-State migrants stood at 232 million in 2010.
African migrants (both regular and irregular) essentially move within sub-regions, from small, island, landlocked and conflictaffected countries to coastal areas, in search for job opportunities and security. Out of the African regular migrants, 55% migrate within the continent, which is the most important South-South migration flow after Asia according to the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations (2013).
The major bilateral corridors in Africa are Burkina Faso-Côte d’Ivoire (1.6 million), Zimbabwe-South Africa (1.3 million) and Mozambique-South Africa (1.2 million) (Crush, 2010). The top ten sending countries in Africa, which experience an emigration rate of 10%, are Cap Verde, Equatorial Guinea, Sao Tome & Principe, Mali, Morocco, Burkina Faso, Benin, Tunisia, Congo and Algeria (Ratha et al., 2011). The traditional receiving countries are South Africa, Côte d’Ivoire, Kenya, Gabon and Libya (Ratha et al., 2011).
1 | Introduction p.1
2 | An overview of irregular migration in Africa p.2
3 | Acknowledging the gap in qualitative data on irregular migrants p.6
4 | Restrictive irregular migration management: a failure p.9
5 | Policy recommendations: the benefits for the host country of removing policy barriers to irregular migrants p.11
6 | Concluding remarks p.13
7 | References p.14
This information is provided to subscribers, friends, faculty, students and alumni of the School of Industrial & Labor Relations (ILR). It is a service of the Institute for Workplace Studies (IWS) in New York City. Stuart Basefsky is responsible for the selection of the contents which is intended to keep researchers, companies, workers, and governments aware of the latest information related to ILR disciplines as it becomes available for the purposes of research, understanding and debate. The content does not reflect the opinions or positions of Cornell University, the School of Industrial & Labor Relations, or that of Mr. Basefsky and should not be construed as such. The service is unique in that it provides the original source documentation, via links, behind the news and research of the day. Use of the information provided is unrestricted. However, it is requested that users acknowledge that the information was found via the IWS Documented News Service.
Links to this post: