Wednesday, January 28, 2015


[IWS] World Bank: THE FEMALE POLITICAL CAREER: 2015 [27 January 2015]

IWS Documented News Service


Institute for Workplace Studies-----------------Professor Samuel B. Bacharach

School of Industrial & Labor Relations-------- Director, Institute for Workplace Studies

Cornell University

16 East 34th Street, 4th floor--------------------Stuart Basefsky

New York, NY 10016 -------------------------------Director, IWS News Bureau


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World Bank


THE FEMALE POLITICAL CAREER: 2015 [27 January 2015]

by Frances Rosenbluth (Yale University), Joshua Kalla (UC Berkeley), Dawn Teele (The London School of Economics)

[full-text, 44 pages]



Women are still very much alone in politics. The share of women in Parliaments has steadily increased in the

last 15 years. They were 13.1% in 2000 and they are now almost 22%. Despite the positive steps forward

in the recent years, we are very far from a full equal representation: all else remaining equal, it will take 47 years at this pace to come to reach gender parity in Parliaments.


A growing global consensus has emerged around the importance of gender equality in political representation.

The failure of national legislatures to reflect their populations is a sign of entry barriers, and deprives societies

of female political talent. Although some countries employ quotas to hasten representational equality,

women still occupy only 20 percent of lower-level parliamentary seats, on average, internationally. Why have

women not reached representational parity, and what can be done about it? To answer these questions, the

Women in Parliaments Global Forum, a membership-based organization that brings together female legislators

from around the world, in conjunction with the World Bank, commissioned an original survey of legislators

to learn about the barriers that women face on the road to a career politics. In collaboration with academic

partners from leading research universities, this study combines rigorous survey questions and open-ended

responses. This document is the fruit of that undertaking.


Press Release 27 January 2015

The Female Political Career: Women MPs Still Face Obstacles to Elected Office




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