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[IWS] CRS: UNACCOMPANIED ALIEN CHILDREN: DEMOGRAPHICS IN BRIEF [24 September 2014]

IWS Documented News Service

_______________________________

Institute for Workplace Studies----------------- Professor Samuel B. Bacharach

School of Industrial & Labor Relations-------- Director, Institute for Workplace Studies

Cornell University

16 East 34th Street, 4th floor---------------------- Stuart Basefsky

New York, NY 10016 -------------------------------Director, IWS News Bureau

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This service is supported, in part, by donations. Please consider making a donation by following the instructions at http://www.ilr.cornell.edu/iws/news-bureau/support.html

 

Congressional Research Service (CRS)

 

Unaccompanied Alien Children: Demographics in Brief

Ruth Ellen Wasem, Specialist in Immigration Policy

Austin Morris, Research Associate

September 24, 2014

http://fas.org/sgp/crs/homesec/R43734.pdf

[full-text, 13 pages]

 

Summary

The number of children coming to the United States who are not accompanied by parents or legal

guardians and who lack proper immigration documents has raised complex and competing sets of

humanitarian concerns and immigration control issues. This report focuses on the demographics

of unaccompanied alien children while they are in removal proceedings. Overwhelmingly, the

children are coming from El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras. The median age of

unaccompanied children has decreased from 17 years in FY2011 to 16 years during the first seven

months of FY2014. A greater share of males than females are represented among this population.

However, females have steadily increased in total numbers and as a percentage of the flow since

FY2011. The median age of females has dropped from 17 years in FY2011—the year that was the

median age across all groups of children—to 15 years in the first seven months of FY2014.

 

Contents

Introduction ...................................................................................................................................... 1

Office of Refugee Resettlement Data on Unaccompanied Alien Children ................................ 1

Demographics of Unaccompanied Children .................................................................................... 2

Country of Origin ...................................................................................................................... 2

Age ............................................................................................................................................ 3

Nationality and Age Distribution ............................................................................................... 5

Sex ............................................................................................................................................. 6

Figures

Figure 1. Unaccompanied Children in ORR Custody by Top Country Distribution ....................... 3

Figure 2. Age Distribution of Unaccompanied Children in ORR Custody ..................................... 5

Figure 3. Unaccompanied Children in ORR Custody by Nationality and Age ............................... 6

Figure 4. Sex Distribution of Unaccompanied Children in ORR Custody ...................................... 7

Figure 5. Sex Distribution of Unaccompanied Children by Top Countries ..................................... 8

Figure 6. Age Distribution for Unaccompanied Males .................................................................... 8

Figure 7. Age Distribution for Unaccompanied Females ................................................................ 9

 

Tables

Table 1. Unaccompanied Children in ORR Custody by Top Country ............................................. 2

Table 2. Unaccompanied Children in ORR Custody by Age Group ............................................... 4

Table 3. Median Age of Unaccompanied Children by Year, Sex, and Top Country ........................ 9

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This information is provided to subscribers, friends, faculty, students and alumni of the School of Industrial & Labor Relations (ILR). It is a service of the Institute for Workplace Studies (IWS) in New York City. Stuart Basefsky is responsible for the selection of the contents which is intended to keep researchers, companies, workers, and governments aware of the latest information related to ILR disciplines as it becomes available for the purposes of research, understanding and debate. The content does not reflect the opinions or positions of Cornell University, the School of Industrial & Labor Relations, or that of Mr. Basefsky and should not be construed as such. The service is unique in that it provides the original source documentation, via links, behind the news and research of the day. Use of the information provided is unrestricted. However, it is requested that users acknowledge that the information was found via the IWS Documented News Service.

 




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