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[IWS] OECD: WORKPLACE STRESS IN THE UNITED STATES: ISSUES AND POLICIES [21 July 2014]
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Institute for Workplace Studies-----------------Professor Samuel B. Bacharach
School of Industrial & Labor Relations-------- Director, Institute for Workplace Studies
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Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)
OECD Economics Department Working Papers No. 1150
WORKPLACE STRESS IN THE UNITED STATES: ISSUES AND POLICIES [21 July 2014]
by Michael Darden
[full-text, 20 pages]
Despite relative affluence, workplace stress is a prominent feature of the US labour market. To the extent that job stress causes poor health outcomes – either directly through increased blood pressure, fatigue, muscle pain, etc. or indirectly through increased rates of cigarette smoking – policy to lessen job stress may be appropriate. Focusing predominantly on the United States, this report reviews the literature on a variety of economic concerns related to job stress and health. Areas in which economists may provide valuable insights regarding job stress include empirical selection concerns in identifying the effect of stress on health; measurement error with respect to stress; the existence and magnitude of compensating differentials for stress; and the unique "job lock" effect in the United States created by a system of employer-provided health insurance. This report concludes with a brief discussion of US policies related to job stress. This Working Paper relates to the 2014 OECD Economic Survey of the United States (www.oecd.org/eco/surveys/United States ).
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