Monday, December 02, 2013



IWS Documented News Service


Institute for Workplace Studies----------------- Professor Samuel B. Bacharach

School of Industrial & Labor Relations-------- Director, Institute for Workplace Studies

Cornell University

16 East 34th Street, 4th floor---------------------- Stuart Basefsky

New York, NY 10016 -------------------------------Director, IWS News Bureau



Women's Bureau (WB)



[full-text, 12 pages]



Facts cannot completely describe the challenges faced

by working women. But facts are important in painting

a picture of the lives of working women and informing

policies and actions needed. These fact sheets provide

a picture of Black, Hispanic, and Asian working women in

the United States in the following areas:


• women’s contribution to family income;

• unemployment and the effects of the recession;

• families in poverty;

• educational attainment and likelihood of unemployment;

• the impact of educational attainment on women’s pay;

• occupational distribution and impact on pay;

• the wage gap between men and women;

• the real cost of the wage gap; and

• the impact of the gender wage gap on the retirement

income of older women.


The demographic landscape of the U.S. has changed

considerably in recent decades. The nation’s racial and

ethnic mix has shifted, driven by high levels of immigration

of Hispanics and Asians. More than half of the growth

in the total U.S. population between 2000 and 2010 was

attributed to the increase in the Hispanic population.1


Changing roles of women have reshaped the landscape of the American labor force


Fifty-eight percent of women in the United States age 16

and over participate in the labor force (working or looking

for work).2 This includes 57 percent of White women, 60

percent of Black women, 57 percent of Hispanic women,

and 57 percent of Asian women.3


Our nation’s 67 million working women4 hold nearly half of

today’s jobs.5 Of these 67 million working women, about

52.8 million are White, 8.6 million are Black, and 3.6 million

are Asian.6 Women of Hispanic or Latino ethnicity (who

may be of any race) make up 9.2 million of the 67 million

women workers.7


The fact sheets highlight the different situations of the

larger populations of women of color in the U.S. labor

force. It assembles selected Federal government data and

statistical resources to present a picture of the economic

status of Black, Asian, and Hispanic women in the labor

force. Sufficient data were not available on the relatively

smaller populations of American Indian, Alaska Native,

Native Hawaiian, and other Pacific Islander women in the

labor force, so they are excluded.




This information is provided to subscribers, friends, faculty, students and alumni of the School of Industrial & Labor Relations (ILR). It is a service of the Institute for Workplace Studies (IWS) in New York City. Stuart Basefsky is responsible for the selection of the contents which is intended to keep researchers, companies, workers, and governments aware of the latest information related to ILR disciplines as it becomes available for the purposes of research, understanding and debate. The content does not reflect the opinions or positions of Cornell University, the School of Industrial & Labor Relations, or that of Mr. Basefsky and should not be construed as such. The service is unique in that it provides the original source documentation, via links, behind the news and research of the day. Use of the information provided is unrestricted. However, it is requested that users acknowledge that the information was found via the IWS Documented News Service.


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