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[IWS] World Bank: CONNECTING TO WORK: HOW INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES COULD HELP EXPAND EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES [1 September 2013]

IWS Documented News Service

_______________________________

Institute for Workplace Studies----------------- Professor Samuel B. Bacharach

School of Industrial & Labor Relations-------- Director, Institute for Workplace Studies

Cornell University

16 East 34th Street, 4th floor---------------------- Stuart Basefsky

New York, NY 10016 -------------------------------Director, IWS News Bureau

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World Bank

 

Connecting to work : how information and communication technologies could help expand employment opportunities [1 September 2013]

http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2013/09/18221189/connecting-work-information-communication-technologies-help-expand-employment-opportunities

or

http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2013/09/09/000456286_20130909094536/Rendered/PDF/809770WP0Conne00Box379814B00PUBLIC0.pdf

[full-text, 68 pages]

 

Abstract

Information and communication technology (ICT) has grown as a sector and now employs millions of people worldwide. The proliferation of ICTs has also helped digitize how people find and do work. The world will need to create over 600 million jobs by 2030 for unemployment to remain at current levels. ICT-enabled employment may help address some of this problem both by creating jobs in the ICT sector and by helping to make labor markets more inclusive, innovative, flexible, and transparent. What can governments do to prepare for these changes and maximize employment opportunities? This paper is a first step in an effort by the World Bank to understand how ICTs are shaping, changing, and transforming labor markets. It explores how governments and other stakeholders might respond to leverage the growth of ICTs to help increase employment opportunities. This paper is structured as follows: section 1 serves as an introduction; section 2 defines the scope, focusing on the types of employment opportunities due to ICT as a sector and as a tool; section 3 considers the impact of the ICT sector on software programming, IT services, and telecommunications; section 4 describes how ICTs as tools empower and include more workers in labor markets; section 5 analyzes the challenges and risks that appear alongside these opportunities; section 6 discusses human capital, infrastructure, financial, regulatory, and social systems that will enable ICT in employment; and section 7 identifies strategic themes for governments to consider as they maximize the gains from ICT's increasing role in the world of work.

 

CONTENTS

1 Introduction.......................................................................................6

2 ICTs and work....................................................................................8

3 ICT employs workers......................................................................14

4 ICT empowers workers...................................................................22

5 Challenges and risks........................................................................34

6 Enablers for impact..........................................................................40

7 Conclusions and policy recommendations..................................54

8 References & notes...........................................................................56

 

List of Boxes, Figures, and Tables

Box A. ICT supports entrepreneurship opportunities at the bottom of the pyramid..............................................18

Box B. Finding jobs...........................................................................24

Box C. Microwork in the corporate world: A case study.............26

Box D. Impact sourcing: Combining global outsourcing with social impact.................................................................20

Box E. Ranking a location’s ability to attract ICT jobs.................34

 

Figure 1. Global trends in ICT access and use..................................10

Figure 2. Comparing hourly wages:Online (on Elance) versus national averages....................26

Figure 3. Labor participation and tertiary school enrollment........29

 

Table 1. Job search techniques in Sri Lanka....................................22

Table 2. Examples of the types of tasks on oDesk...........................25

 

 

Press Release 10 September 2013

Connecting to Work: How ICTs Are Expanding Job Opportunities Worldwide

http://www.worldbank.org/en/news/feature/2013/09/10/how-icts-are-expanding-job-opportunities

 

 

 

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This information is provided to subscribers, friends, faculty, students and alumni of the School of Industrial & Labor Relations (ILR). It is a service of the Institute for Workplace Studies (IWS) in New York City. Stuart Basefsky is responsible for the selection of the contents which is intended to keep researchers, companies, workers, and governments aware of the latest information related to ILR disciplines as it becomes available for the purposes of research, understanding and debate. The content does not reflect the opinions or positions of Cornell University, the School of Industrial & Labor Relations, or that of Mr. Basefsky and should not be construed as such. The service is unique in that it provides the original source documentation, via links, behind the news and research of the day. Use of the information provided is unrestricted. However, it is requested that users acknowledge that the information was found via the IWS Documented News Service.

 




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