Friday, May 03, 2013



IWS Documented News Service


Institute for Workplace Studies----------------- Professor Samuel B. Bacharach

School of Industrial & Labor Relations-------- Director, Institute for Workplace Studies

Cornell University

16 East 34th Street, 4th floor---------------------- Stuart Basefsky

New York, NY 10016 -------------------------------Director, IWS News Bureau





[full-text, 38 pages]


Supplemental Files Table of Contents



Total nonfarm payroll employment rose by 165,000 in April, and the unemployment

rate was little changed at 7.5 percent, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

reported today. Employment increased in professional and business services,

food services and drinking places, retail trade, and health care.


Household Survey Data


The unemployment rate, at 7.5 percent, changed little in April but has

declined by 0.4 percentage point since January. The number of unemployed

persons, at 11.7 million, was also little changed over the month; however,

unemployment has decreased by 673,000 since January. (See table A-1.)


Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rate for adult women

(6.7 percent) declined in April, while the rates for adult men (7.1

percent), teenagers (24.1 percent), whites (6.7 percent), blacks (13.2

percent), and Hispanics (9.0 percent) showed little or no change. The

jobless rate for Asians was 5.1 percent (not seasonally adjusted),

little changed from a year earlier. (See tables A-1, A-2, and A-3.)


In April, the number of long-term unemployed (those jobless for 27

weeks or more) declined by 258,000 to 4.4 million; their share of the

unemployed declined by 2.2 percentage points to 37.4 percent. Over the

past 12 months, the number of long-term unemployed has decreased by

687,000, and their share has declined by 3.1 percentage points. (See

table A-12.)


The civilian labor force participation rate was 63.3 percent in April,

unchanged over the month but down from 63.6 percent in January. The

employment-population ratio, 58.6 percent, was about unchanged over

the month and has shown little movement, on net, over the past year.

(See table A-1.)


In April, the number of persons employed part time for economic

reasons (sometimes referred to as involuntary part-time workers)

increased by 278,000 to 7.9 million, largely offsetting a decrease in

March. These individuals were working part time because their hours

had been cut back or because they were unable to find a full-time job.

(See table A-8.)


In April, 2.3 million persons were marginally attached to the labor

force, essentially unchanged from a year earlier. (The data are not

seasonally adjusted.) These individuals were not in the labor force,

wanted and were available for work, and had looked for a job sometime

in the prior 12 months. They were not counted as unemployed because

they had not searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding the survey.

(See table A-16.)


Among the marginally attached, there were 835,000 discouraged workers

in April, down by 133,000 from a year earlier. (The data are not

seasonally adjusted.) Discouraged workers are persons not currently

looking for work because they believe no jobs are available for them.

The remaining 1.5 million persons marginally attached to the labor

force in April had not searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding the

survey for reasons such as school attendance or family responsibilities.

(See table A-16.)


AND MUCH MORE...including TABLES....





This information is provided to subscribers, friends, faculty, students and alumni of the School of Industrial & Labor Relations (ILR). It is a service of the Institute for Workplace Studies (IWS) in New York City. Stuart Basefsky is responsible for the selection of the contents which is intended to keep researchers, companies, workers, and governments aware of the latest information related to ILR disciplines as it becomes available for the purposes of research, understanding and debate. The content does not reflect the opinions or positions of Cornell University, the School of Industrial & Labor Relations, or that of Mr. Basefsky and should not be construed as such. The service is unique in that it provides the original source documentation, via links, behind the news and research of the day. Use of the information provided is unrestricted. However, it is requested that users acknowledge that the information was found via the IWS Documented News Service.


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