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[IWS] Eurostat: HUMAN RESOURCES IN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY [3 February 2015]
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HUMAN RESOURCES IN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY [3 February 2015]
Data from January 2015, most recent data: Further Eurostat information, Main tables and Database.
This article provides information on statistics on human resources in science and technology (HRST) which improve the understanding of the demand for and the supply of people with high qualifications in science and technology. They describe the current stock of HRST in the European Union (EU), the candidate countries and EFTAcountries. They also give information on the current and future supply of highly skilled people from universities and other education institutions (that teach specific capacities of higher learning) into the HRST stocks.
Investment in research, development, education and skills constitutes a key policy area for the EU as these are elements essential to economic growth and to the development of a knowledge-based economy, leading to an increasing interest in the role and measurement of skills. In this context, the need to measure and analyse the most highly skilled part of the labour force is important, both within the EU and internationally.
The HRST statistics focus on two main aspects:
§ stocks, related to the characteristics of the current labour force involved in science and technology; particular attention is paid to scientists and engineers, who are often the innovators at the centre of technology-led development;
§ flows, showing the job-to-job mobility and the inflow from education to the science and technology labour force.
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