Monday, December 01, 2014Tweet
[IWS] OECD: INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION OUTLOOK 2014 [1 December 2014]
IWS Documented News Service
Institute for Workplace Studies-----------------Professor Samuel B. Bacharach
School of Industrial & Labor Relations-------- Director, Institute for Workplace Studies
16 East 34th Street, 4th floor--------------------Stuart Basefsky
New York, NY 10016 -------------------------------Director, IWS News Bureau
This service is supported, in part, by donations. Please consider making a donation by following the instructions at http://www.ilr.cornell.edu/iws/news-bureau/support.html ßCLICK HERE
NOTE: If this service were commercial, the typical charge would be $300 per year. It remains free because several of the relationships necessary to produce the service require it to be at least quasi-governmental and not-for-profit. If you are a consultant, publisher, lawyer, HR professional or someone who has profited from receiving this service, please chip in. Unless a significant part of the cost can be covered by donations, this service may come to an end. All gifts are tax-deductible (for U.S. tax payers). We do not furnish personal information to others under any circumstances.
Thank you for your support!
Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)
INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION OUTLOOK 2014 [1 December 2014]
[read online, 430 pages]
This flagship publication on migration analyses recent developments in migration movements and policies in OECD countries and selected non-OECD countries. This edition also contains two special chapters on "The labour market integration of immigrants and their children: developing, activating and using skills" and "Managing labour migration: Smart policies to support economic growth". It also includes Country notes and a Statistical Annex. This special edition is launched at the occasion of the High-level Policy Forum on Migration (Paris, 1-2 December 2014).
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Editorial: Migration policy in a time of uncertainty
Recent developments in international migration trends
Labour market integration of immigrants and their children: Developing, activating and using skills
Managing labour migration: Smart policies to support economic growth
List of OECD Secretariat members involved in the preparation of this publication
Press Release 1 December 2014
Shifts in migration underline need for policy reform, says OECD
01/12/2014 - The increasing number of people moving within the European Union is driving the rise in migration registered in OECD countries, after several years of decline caused by the crisis. High skilled migration and humanitarian movements to OECD countries are also increasing. Migration policies need to keep pace with these changes, according to a new OECD report.
The says that permanent migration flows to the OECD area have begun to rebound, rising by a modest 1.1% in 2013 after a fall of 0.8% in 2012. There are more than 115 million immigrants in the OECD today, about 10 percent of the total population. One in ten new migrants is from China, and one in five from Asia.
“Countries would benefit more from immigration if they consider migrants as a resource rather than a problem, and integration policies as an investment,” said OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría, launching the report in Paris, with Dimitris Avramopoulos, EU Commissioner for Migration, Home Affairs and Citizenship, and Chris Alexander, Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Canada.
By contrast, several major immigration countries saw declines, notably the United States, Italy, Portugal and Spain. Net migration is still well below pre-crisis levels, but remains positive in most OECD countries, except notably in Mexico, Iceland, Ireland, Spain and Portugal.
Labour migration has also declined continuously since the economic downturn, falling 12% in 2012. The fall was particularly notable in the European Economic Area, where labour migration decreased by almost 40% between 2007 and 2012.
Asylum claims rose by 20% in 2013, mainly as a result of the Syrian conflict, with more than 550,000 people seeking asylum in the OECD. International cooperation is key to address the humanitarian problems of asylum seekers from countries in the Middle East, says the report.
The number of highly-educated migrants has increased by 70 percent over the past decade to exceed 31 million. But they still have a higher unemployment rate than their native peers and their over qualification rate is 50% higher. Overall, the crisis hit immigrants disproportionately hard. Of the additional 15 million unemployed in the OECD since the start of the crisis, about one in five is foreign-born.
About 12.5% of all 15-year-olds had two foreign-born parents in 2012, an increase of 50 percent in a decade. Their integration, particularly those with poorly educated parents, is a growing concern, according to the report.
OECD ministers in charge of migration are meeting in Paris on 1st and 2nd December at the to discuss these issues in order to identify policies that make better use of migrants’ skills, for the benefits of societies and economies in both destination and origin countries. Transparently managing objectives and using well-designed tools to achieve them is the most effective way to manage migration, not setting quotas or public spending targets, says the OECD.
This information is provided to subscribers, friends, faculty, students and alumni of the School of Industrial & Labor Relations (ILR). It is a service of the Institute for Workplace Studies (IWS) in New York City. Stuart Basefsky is responsible for the selection of the contents which is intended to keep researchers, companies, workers, and governments aware of the latest information related to ILR disciplines as it becomes available for the purposes of research, understanding and debate. The content does not reflect the opinions or positions of Cornell University, the School of Industrial & Labor Relations, or that of Mr. Basefsky and should not be construed as such. The service is unique in that it provides the original source documentation, via links, behind the news and research of the day. Use of the information provided is unrestricted. However, it is requested that users acknowledge that the information was found via the IWS Documented News Service.
Links to this post: