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[IWS] Eurostat: USER GUIDE ON EUROPEAN STATISTICS ON INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN GOODS - 2014 EDITION [19 December 2014]

IWS Documented News Service

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Institute for Workplace Studies-----------------Professor Samuel B. Bacharach

School of Industrial & Labor Relations-------- Director, Institute for Workplace Studies

Cornell University

16 East 34th Street, 4th floor--------------------Stuart Basefsky

New York, NY 10016 -------------------------------Director, IWS News Bureau

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This service is supported, in part, by donations. Please consider making a donation by following the instructions at http://www.ilr.cornell.edu/iws/news-bureau/support.html

 

European Commission

Eurostat

 

USER GUIDE ON EUROPEAN STATISTICS ON INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN GOODS - 2014 EDITION [19 December 2014]

http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/web/products-manuals-and-guidelines/-/KS-GQ-14-014

or

http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/documents/3859598/6405291/KS-GQ-14-014-EN-N.pdf/ea1090b9-fbed-4440-80d3-d8b343aac306

[full-text, 68 pages]

 

The purpose of this Guide is to explain to a wide range of users how the statistics relating to trade in goods, both between EU Member States and with non-EU countries, are collected, compiled, processed and published at European level. The different issues are tackled in a question and answer format.

 

Contents

Contents ............................................................................................................................................................3

Abbreviations....................................................................................................................................................6

1 Introduction..................................................................................................................................................7

1.1 What is the purpose of this User Guide?...............................................................................................7

1.2 Which other documents should be read in conjunction with this guide?...............................................7

2 Background information.............................................................................................................................8

2.1 What are European statistics on international trade in goods? .............................................................8

2.2 Who uses ITGS and what for?...............................................................................................................8

2.2.1 Types of users and requirements................................................................................................8

2.2.2 Use of trade data by other statistical fields..................................................................................8

2.3 Who is responsible for European ITGS? ...............................................................................................9

2.4 Where can I find the rules governing European ITGS?.........................................................................9

2.4.1 EU legislation on ITGS ................................................................................................................9

2.4.2 International recommendations and provisions relevant to ITGS .............................................10

3 Scope of ITGS............................................................................................................................................12

3.1 How do you define the areas involved in international trade in goods? ..............................................12

3.2 Which goods are included in ITGS? ....................................................................................................12

3.3 Which goods are excluded from ITGS?...............................................................................................12

3.4 Which transactions are outside the scope of ITGS? ...........................................................................12

3.5 Which movements of goods are included in intra-EU trade? ..............................................................13

3.6 Which movements of goods are included in extra-EU trade? .............................................................13

4 Data collection...........................................................................................................................................14

4.1 Extrastat and Intrastat: two data collection systems for ITGS.............................................................14

4.2 Who provides the statistical information? ............................................................................................14

4.3 How do you choose which data to collect?..........................................................................................14

4.3.1 Using thresholds in Extrastat.....................................................................................................14

4.3.2 Using thresholds in Intrastat......................................................................................................15

4.4 How are data collected? ......................................................................................................................15

4.5 What information is recorded for each transaction?............................................................................15

4.6 When are movements of goods recorded? .........................................................................................16

4.7 How is the partner country defined and classified?.............................................................................17

4.8 How are goods classified?...................................................................................................................17

4.9 Are there specific rules for particular types of goods or movements?.................................................18

4.10 What are the measurement units?.......................................................................................................18

4.10.1 Trade value................................................................................................................................19

4.10.2 Net mass and supplementary quantity ......................................................................................19

5 Data compilation........................................................................................................................................20

5.1 How do you account for the intra-EU trade data not collected? ..........................................................20

5.1.1 Estimating missing trade ...........................................................................................................20

5.1.2 Estimating statistical value ........................................................................................................20

5.1.3 Estimating net mass ..................................................................................................................20

5.2 Why are some of the ITGS confidential?.............................................................................................21

5.2.1 What are ‘confidential data’? .....................................................................................................21

5.2.2 Which rules apply? ....................................................................................................................21

5.2.3 To which data elements does confidentiality apply? .................................................................21

5.2.4 How does confidentiality apply to partner countries?................................................................21

5.2.5 How does product confidentiality apply?...................................................................................22

5.3 What data are sent to Eurostat and when? .........................................................................................22

5.4 When are data revised and considered as final? ................................................................................23

5.5 What are the main reasons for revising data?.....................................................................................23

5.6 What data does Eurostat compile?......................................................................................................24

5.6.1 Unit value and volume indices...................................................................................................24

5.6.2 Data adjusted for working days and seasonal components......................................................24

6 Data quality ................................................................................................................................................26

6.1 Accuracy ..............................................................................................................................................26

6.1.1 How accurate are ITGS?...........................................................................................................26

6.1.2 How is data quality checked and monitored?............................................................................26

6.1.3 What are the main causes of errors in reporting? .....................................................................26

6.1.4 What is the impact of the Intrastat simplification measures? ....................................................27

6.2 Why are there differences in the various sources of ITGS?................................................................27

6.2.1 Why do asymmetries always exist? ..........................................................................................27

6.2.2 What are the methodological causes of asymmetries?.............................................................27

6.2.3 Why is the intra-EU trade balance not equal to zero?...............................................................28

6.2.4 Why are breaks in time series unavoidable?.............................................................................28

6.2.5 Why can European data differ from national data?...................................................................29

6.2.6 Why do ITGS differ from trade in goods in BoP and national accounts?..................................30

6.3 Where can I find more information on the quality of European ITGS?................................................31

7 Data publication.........................................................................................................................................32

7.1 What classifications are used? ............................................................................................................32

7.1.1 Product classifications ...............................................................................................................32

7.1.2 Country classification.................................................................................................................33

7.1.3 Classification by activity.............................................................................................................34

7.2 What is the difference between ‘aggregated’ and ‘detailed’ published data? .....................................34

7.3 Which indicators are available for aggregated data? ..........................................................................34

7.4 Which indicators are available for detailed data?................................................................................35

7.5 What are the basic statistical fields?....................................................................................................35

7.6 What additional statistical information is available? ............................................................................35

7.6.1 Statistical procedure ..................................................................................................................35

7.6.2 Mode of transport ......................................................................................................................36

7.6.3 Eligibility and tariff regimes........................................................................................................36

7.6.4 Trade by enterprise characteristics (TEC).................................................................................36

7.6.5 Invoicing currency......................................................................................................................37

7.7 When are data updated? .....................................................................................................................37

7.8 Does Eurostat publish ITGS only for EU Member States?..................................................................38

8 Data access................................................................................................................................................39

8.1 How can I access data on line?...........................................................................................................39

8.1.1 ‘Main tables’ and ‘Database’......................................................................................................39

8.1.2 ITGS ‘Main tables’ — Long-term indicators...............................................................................40

8.1.3 ITGS ‘Main tables’ — Short-term indicators ..............................................................................42

8.1.4 ITGS ‘Database’ — Long-term indicators..................................................................................42

8.1.5 ITGS ‘Database’ — Short-term indicators .................................................................................43

8.1.6 ITGS ‘Database’ — Detailed data .............................................................................................43

8.1.7 Easy Comext and Comext Analytical interfaces........................................................................43

8.1.8 Bulk Download facility................................................................................................................46

8.2 Publications on line..............................................................................................................................46

8.3 Statistics Explained..............................................................................................................................47

8.4 Where can I find metadata?.................................................................................................................47

8.5 User support ........................................................................................................................................47

Annex 1 — List of goods and movements excluded from ITGS................................................................49

Annex 2 — Specific goods and movements................................................................................................50

Vessels and aircraft – Transfer of economic ownership .............................................................................50

Vessels and aircraft – Processing operation...............................................................................................51

Goods delivered to vessels and aircraft ......................................................................................................52

Goods delivered to and from offshore installations .....................................................................................53

Sea products ...............................................................................................................................................54

Spacecraft ...................................................................................................................................................55

Electricity and gas .......................................................................................................................................56

Annex 3 — Alphanumeric codes...................................................................................................................57

Annex 4 — National authorities involved in ITGS.......................................................................................58

Glossary ..........................................................................................................................................................62

 

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This information is provided to subscribers, friends, faculty, students and alumni of the School of Industrial & Labor Relations (ILR). It is a service of the Institute for Workplace Studies (IWS) in New York City. Stuart Basefsky is responsible for the selection of the contents which is intended to keep researchers, companies, workers, and governments aware of the latest information related to ILR disciplines as it becomes available for the purposes of research, understanding and debate. The content does not reflect the opinions or positions of Cornell University, the School of Industrial & Labor Relations, or that of Mr. Basefsky and should not be construed as such. The service is unique in that it provides the original source documentation, via links, behind the news and research of the day. Use of the information provided is unrestricted. However, it is requested that users acknowledge that the information was found via the IWS Documented News Service.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 




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