Wednesday, November 19, 2014

Tweet

[IWS] FRB: IN THE SHADOW OF THE GREAT RECESSION: EXPERIENCES AND PERSPECTIVES OF YOUNG WORKERS [18 November 2014]

IWS Documented News Service

_______________________________

Institute for Workplace Studies-----------------Professor Samuel B. Bacharach

School of Industrial & Labor Relations-------- Director, Institute for Workplace Studies

Cornell University

16 East 34th Street, 4th floor--------------------Stuart Basefsky

New York, NY 10016 -------------------------------Director, IWS News Bureau

________________________________________________________________________

This service is supported, in part, by donations. Please consider making a donation by following the instructions at http://www.ilr.cornell.edu/iws/news-bureau/support.html

 

Federal Reserve Board (FRB)

IN THE SHADOW OF THE GREAT RECESSION: EXPERIENCES AND PERSPECTIVES OF YOUNG WORKERS [18 November 2014]
http://www.federalreserve.gov/econresdata/2013-experiences-and-perspectives-of-young-workers-201411.pdf
[full-text, 60 pages]

This report is intended to serve two principal purposes. First, it summarizes insights from the Survey
of Young Workers and related research in the field. Second, it frames policy and research issues for
future consideration by the Federal Reserve Board and others interested in young workers.

Press Release 18 November 2014
In the Shadow of the Great Recession: Experiences and Perspectives of Young Workers
http://www.federalreserve.gov/newsevents/press/other/20141118a.htm

The Federal Reserve Board on Tuesday published a new report, based on its 2013 Survey of Young Workers, that provides insight into numerous labor market topics, including the educational attainment, work experience, and expectations of adults aged 18 to 30.

In the Shadow of the Great Recession: Experiences and Perspectives of Young Workers, takes an in-depth look at the experiences and aspirations of young adults entering the workforce. Despite a changing labor market that is recovering slowly from the recession, many young adults remain optimistic about their job future. The survey found that 45 percent of respondents are optimistic about future employment opportunities compared to 21 percent who are pessimistic and 34 percent who are not sure. Respondents with higher levels of education, work experience, and job opportunities were more likely to be optimistic about their job future than respondents who lack such skills and experiences.

The survey results show that young workers are responding to the labor market's increasing demand for postsecondary credentials and degrees. Thirty-seven percent of the respondents reported that they have the level of education and training needed for the type of job they would like to hold in the next five years. The respondents' confidence in their education increased with each level of attainment. In addition, nearly one-third of the total respondents are currently enrolled in an education or training program. Nonstudents who are interested in additional education named financial considerations as their top barriers to enrollment.

Despite the importance of education and work experience, intangibles still play a role in the labor market. According to the survey results, finding a job is still heavily based on personal connections. Respondents identified personal networks as a primary source in their job search process.

The survey found that young workers value job stability. When given the choice, respondents generally preferred steady employment (67 percent) to higher pay (30 percent). Jobs that are permanent and full-time are associated with "careers" and upward mobility, while opportunities associated with part-time and temporary work are less clear.

A live stream discussion of this report will take place at 2 p.m. EST on Wednesday, November 19. The discussion can be viewed at http://www.ustream.tv/federalreserve

Attachment (PDF)

For media inquiries, call 202-452-2955

 

CONTENTS

 

Preface ......................................................................................................................................... 1

Executive Summary ................................................................................................................. 3

Key Findings .............................................................................................................................. 3

Policy and Research Implications ................................................................................................ 5

Introduction ............................................................................................................................... 7

About the Survey ........................................................................................................................ 7

Profile of Respondents ................................................................................................................ 8

Connecting Education and the Labor Market ............................................................. 11

Rising Demand for Educational Attainment ................................................................................. 11

Alignment of Education and Career Path .................................................................................... 12

Cost of Postsecondary Education .............................................................................................. 13

Valuing Postsecondary Education .............................................................................................. 14

Importance of Early Work Experience ......................................................................................... 15

Job Fit ........................................................................................................................................ 17

Job Satisfaction ........................................................................................................................ 17

Job Attainment ......................................................................................................................... 17

Upward Mobility ................................................................................................................... 19

Job versus Career ..................................................................................................................... 19

Full-Time versus Part-Time Jobs ................................................................................................ 20

Underemployment .................................................................................................................... 20

Permanent versus Temporary Jobs ............................................................................................ 20

Labor Market “Push Down” ....................................................................................................... 22

Upward Mobility ........................................................................................................................ 23

Financial Footing ...................................................................................................................... 23

Compensation .......................................................................................................................... 24

Young Workers’ Unemployment ....................................................................................... 27

Young Workers’ Outlook ..................................................................................................... 29

Future Work Expectations .......................................................................................................... 29

Young Workers’ Future Outlook ................................................................................................. 30

The Impact of Education, Job Experience, and Income on Optimism ........................................... 31

The Impact of Economic Opportunity on Pessimism ................................................................... 32

Importance of Steady Employment ............................................................................................ 32

Policy and Research Implications ..................................................................................... 35

Appendix A: Methodology ................................................................................................. 37

Appendix B: Responses to the Survey of Young Workers ....................................... 39

________________________________________________________________________

This information is provided to subscribers, friends, faculty, students and alumni of the School of Industrial & Labor Relations (ILR). It is a service of the Institute for Workplace Studies (IWS) in New York City. Stuart Basefsky is responsible for the selection of the contents which is intended to keep researchers, companies, workers, and governments aware of the latest information related to ILR disciplines as it becomes available for the purposes of research, understanding and debate. The content does not reflect the opinions or positions of Cornell University, the School of Industrial & Labor Relations, or that of Mr. Basefsky and should not be construed as such. The service is unique in that it provides the original source documentation, via links, behind the news and research of the day. Use of the information provided is unrestricted. However, it is requested that users acknowledge that the information was found via the IWS Documented News Service.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 




Links to this post:

Create a Link



<< Home

This page is powered by Blogger. Isn't yours?