Friday, March 28, 2014


[IWS] Eurostat: LABOUR COSTS IN THE EU28: Hourly labour costs ranged from €3.7 to €40.1 across the EU28 Member States in 2013 [27 March 2014]

IWS Documented News Service


Institute for Workplace Studies----------------- Professor Samuel B. Bacharach

School of Industrial & Labor Relations-------- Director, Institute for Workplace Studies

Cornell University

16 East 34th Street, 4th floor---------------------- Stuart Basefsky

New York, NY 10016 -------------------------------Director, IWS News Bureau



European Commission



Press Release 27 March 2014

LABOUR COSTS IN THE EU28: Hourly labour costs ranged from €3.7 to €40.1 across the EU28 Member States in 2013

[full-text, 4 pages]


In 2013, average hourly labour costs1 in the whole economy2 (excluding agriculture and public administration) were estimated to be €23.7 in the EU28

and €28.4 in the euro area3 (EA17). However, this average masks significant differences between EU Member States, with the lowest hourly labour costs recorded in Bulgaria (€3.7), Romania

(€4.6), Lithuania (€6.2) and Latvia (€6.3), and the highest in Sweden (€40.1), Denmark (€38.4), Belgium (€38.0), Luxembourg (€35.7) and France (€34.3).


Within the business economy, labour costs per hour were highest in industry (€24.6 in the EU28 and €31.0 in the euro area), followed by services (€23.9 and €28.0 respectively) and construction (€21.0 and €24.5). In the mainly

non-business economy (excluding public administration), labour costs per hour were €23.2 in the EU28 and €27.7 in the euro area.


Labour costs are made up of wages & salaries and non-wage costs such as employers' social contributions. The share of non-wage costs in the whole economy was 23.7% in the EU28 and 25.9% in the euro area, varying

between 8.0% in Malta and 33.3% in Sweden.

AND MORE...including CHARTS and TABLES....




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