Monday, March 10, 2014Tweet
[IWS] BLS: MONTHLY LABOR REVIEW [from 30 January to 5 March 2014]
IWS Documented News Service
Institute for Workplace Studies----------------- Professor Samuel B. Bacharach
School of Industrial & Labor Relations-------- Director, Institute for Workplace Studies
16 East 34th Street, 4th floor---------------------- Stuart Basefsky
New York, NY 10016 -------------------------------Director, IWS News Bureau
MONTHLY LABOR REVIEW [from 30 January to 5 March 2014]
Data show that the pay gap—the difference between men’s and women’s earnings—is narrowing. This phenomenon is being driven by the Millennial generation, which is composed of people ages 18–32. A recent publication by the Pew Research Center titled “On pay gap, Millennial women near parity–for now” (Pew Research Center, December 11, 2013) uses information from a Pew Research survey administered in October 2013 as well as statistics from the Census Bureau and the Bureau of Labor Statistics to shed light on the pay gap and Americans’ perceptions of it.
In recent years, the U.S. oil and natural gas industry has seen rapid growth in shale gas production. With the commercial development of the Marcellus Shale formation in the northeastern United States, much of that growth has occurred in Pennsylvania, a traditionally coal-producing state. This article uses data for the period 2007–2012 to examine employment and wage trends in Pennsylvania’s oil and natural gas industry and to compare those trends with corresponding developments in the state’s coal mining industry.
· The struggle for equality, remembered 02/06/2014
The story of the struggles and triumphs of those who stood up for justice and equality in Birmingham, Alabama, during the 1960s Civil Rights Movement.
Book Review: Black Workers’ Struggle for Equality in Birmingham. Edited by Horace Huntley and David Montgomery, Champaign, IL, University of Illinois Press, 2007, 244 pp., $35.00/cloth.
Before 2011, the Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries captured data only on the firm that directly employed the decedent. While this is useful information, the firm directly employing the decedent is not always the firm at which the decedent was working at the time of the incident, such as when the person killed was a contractor. This visual essay looks at new data on contractors, highlighting some interesting similarities and differences between these workers and those who are not contractors.
· Determining the employment effect of raising the minimum wage 02/05/2014
One of the most controversial economic issues of the day is how the minimum wage affects employment. This issue has been at the forefront of labor economics because employment levels of younger and lower skilled workers fell disproportionately during the recent recession compared with that of older and more educated peers. In the postrecession era, unemployment rates continue to show persistent differences by educational attainment.
· Is the inheritance boom changing the distribution of wealth in the United States? 02/05/2014
Inheritances and gifts play a major role in the distribution of wealth, accounting for an estimated one-quarter of total household wealth accumulation in the United States. Such wealth transfers are also an important source of both business and home ownership. The conventional wisdom is that inheritances contribute to the overall inequality of household wealth. Moreover, it is commonly believed that inheritances impede intergenerational wealth mobility and play an important role in accounting for the intergenerational transmission of economic and social privilege.
From 1954–1981, the Labor Turnover Survey (LTS) provided labor demand-related data at the state level. For this article, LTS time series data were compared and states were chosen based on the length of their LTS series, continuity of series, and the geographic representation. Florida, Michigan, New York, Oregon, and Virginia were selected, and the data analyzed both from the business cycle perspective and for specific economic events in those states. The discussion includes LTS methodology and definitions of the data elements produced by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics and the states. The article also discusses the differences in definitions and methodology between the LTS and the current Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey program.
This information is provided to subscribers, friends, faculty, students and alumni of the School of Industrial & Labor Relations (ILR). It is a service of the Institute for Workplace Studies (IWS) in New York City. Stuart Basefsky is responsible for the selection of the contents which is intended to keep researchers, companies, workers, and governments aware of the latest information related to ILR disciplines as it becomes available for the purposes of research, understanding and debate. The content does not reflect the opinions or positions of Cornell University, the School of Industrial & Labor Relations, or that of Mr. Basefsky and should not be construed as such. The service is unique in that it provides the original source documentation, via links, behind the news and research of the day. Use of the information provided is unrestricted. However, it is requested that users acknowledge that the information was found via the IWS Documented News Service.
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