Wednesday, March 26, 2014



IWS Documented News Service


Institute for Workplace Studies----------------- Professor Samuel B. Bacharach

School of Industrial & Labor Relations-------- Director, Institute for Workplace Studies

Cornell University

16 East 34th Street, 4th floor---------------------- Stuart Basefsky

New York, NY 10016 -------------------------------Director, IWS News Bureau



America's Young Adults at 27: Labor Market Activity, Education, and Household Composition: Results From a Longitudinal Survey Summary [26 March 2014]


[full-text, 16 pages]


Young adults born in the early 1980s held an average of 6.2 jobs from age 18 through age 26,

the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Over two-thirds of these jobs were held

from ages 18 to 22. Women with more education held more jobs than women with less education.

Regardless of education, men held a similar number of jobs.


These findings are from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1997, a nationally

representative survey of about 9,000 young men and women who were born during the years 1980

to 1984. These respondents were ages 12 to 17 when first interviewed in 1997, and ages 26 to

32 when interviewed for the 15th time in 2011-12. The survey provides information on work and

nonwork experiences, training, schooling, income, assets, and other characteristics. The

information provided by respondents is representative of all men and women born in the early

1980s and living in the United States when the survey began in 1997.


This release focuses on the educational attainment, employment experiences, and household

composition of these individuals from their 18th birthday until they turned 27. Highlights

from the longitudinal survey include:


•  By 27 years of age, 32 percent of women had received a bachelor's degree, compared with

   24 percent of men. Nine percent of men were high school dropouts compared to 8 percent of

   women. (See table 1.)


•  Individuals born from 1980 to 1984 held an average of 6.2 jobs from ages 18 to 26. The

   number of jobs held varies by education for women but not for men. (See table 2.)


•  High school graduates who had never enrolled in college were employed an average of 68

   percent of the weeks from ages 18 to 22, and 74 percent of weeks from ages 23 to 26. In

   comparison, those who had dropped out of high school were employed 51 percent of weeks

   from ages 18 to 22, and 57 percent of weeks from ages 23 to 26. (See table 3.)


•  Over two-thirds of the jobs held by high school dropouts from age 18 to 26 were held less

   than a year and 10 percent were held 2 years or more. For those with a bachelor's degree

   or more, approximately 50 percent of jobs were held less than a year and 14 percent held

   2 years or more. (See table 4.)


•  Thirty-four percent of young adults were married at age 27, while 20 percent were cohabiting

   and 47 percent were single. On average, young adults with more education were more likely

   to be married and less likely to be cohabiting. (See table 5.)


•  Young adults who were single at age 27 were employed 70 percent of the weeks from ages 18 to

   26, compared to 77 percent of weeks for those who were married and 72 percent of weeks, for

   those who were cohabiting. (See table 6.)


•  Nearly 41 percent of young adults had their own or their partner's child in the household

   at age 27. Sixty-five percent of married individuals had at least one child in the home,

   compared with 21 percent of single individuals and 48 percent of those who were cohabiting.

   (See table 7.)


•  Women with children in their household at age 27 were employed 65 percent of weeks from age

   18 to 26 compared to 76 percent of weeks for women without children in their home. Conversely,

   men tended to work more weeks if they had children in the household than if they did not (79

   percent of weeks versus 73 percent).  (See table 8.)


AND MUCH MORE...including TABLES....




This information is provided to subscribers, friends, faculty, students and alumni of the School of Industrial & Labor Relations (ILR). It is a service of the Institute for Workplace Studies (IWS) in New York City. Stuart Basefsky is responsible for the selection of the contents which is intended to keep researchers, companies, workers, and governments aware of the latest information related to ILR disciplines as it becomes available for the purposes of research, understanding and debate. The content does not reflect the opinions or positions of Cornell University, the School of Industrial & Labor Relations, or that of Mr. Basefsky and should not be construed as such. The service is unique in that it provides the original source documentation, via links, behind the news and research of the day. Use of the information provided is unrestricted. However, it is requested that users acknowledge that the information was found via the IWS Documented News Service.


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