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[IWS] AfDB: LABOUR MARKET REFORMS IN POST-TRANSITION NORTH AFRICA: ECONOMIC BRIEF [19 March 2014]

IWS Documented News Service

_______________________________

Institute for Workplace Studies----------------- Professor Samuel B. Bacharach

School of Industrial & Labor Relations-------- Director, Institute for Workplace Studies

Cornell University

16 East 34th Street, 4th floor---------------------- Stuart Basefsky

New York, NY 10016 -------------------------------Director, IWS News Bureau

________________________________________________________________________

 

African Development Bank (AfDB)

 

ECONOMIC BRIEF: LABOUR MARKET REFORMS IN POST-TRANSITION NORTH AFRICA [19 March 2014]

http://www.afdb.org/en/documents/document/economic-brief-labour-market-reforms-in-post-transition-north-africa-46856/

or

http://www.afdb.org/fileadmin/uploads/afdb/Documents/Publications/Economic_Brief_-_Labour_market_reforms_in_post-transition_North_Africa.pdf

[full-text, 20 pages]

 

Key Messages

• North African countries’ labour market policies have produced a dual labour market, characterised by vast inequalities between formal and informal sector workers and between large and small firms.

• During the course of the recent crises that have struck the region, government policies for mitigating their impacts have led to a widening of group inequalities and in the weakening of already vulnerable groups.

• The growing divide between the ‘haves’ and the ‘have nots’, in a difficult environment characterised by rising living costs, heavy job destruction and increasingly binding constraints on job creation and new enterprise formation, was the main cause of the Arab Spring.

• The region is now at a crossroads where it needs to strike the right balance between supporting private sector development and the creation of new jobs, and protecting existing jobs and current workers.

• This Brief provides an overview of the main issues that policymakers should consider when formulating labour market policies in the aftermath of the Arab Spring.

 

CONTENT

Introduction p.1

A | Labour market trends in North Africa p.2

B | Recent crises, labour market impacts and the making of the Arab Spring p.9

C | Labour market reforms: the road ahead p.11

References p.13

ANNEX A p.16

ANNEX B p.18

 

 

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