Tuesday, March 25, 2014

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[IWS] ADB: ADDRESSING DISEASES OF POVERTY [24 March 2014]

IWS Documented News Service

_______________________________

Institute for Workplace Studies----------------- Professor Samuel B. Bacharach

School of Industrial & Labor Relations-------- Director, Institute for Workplace Studies

Cornell University

16 East 34th Street, 4th floor---------------------- Stuart Basefsky

New York, NY 10016 -------------------------------Director, IWS News Bureau

________________________________________________________________________

 

Asian Development Bank (ADB)

 

ADDRESSING DISEASES OF POVERTY [24 March 2014]

http://www.adb.org/publications/addressing-diseases-poverty

or

http://www.adb.org/sites/default/files/pub/2014/addressing-diseases-poverty.pdf

[full-text, 50 pages]

 

Description

 

Caused by several different organisms, neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) are present in at least 39 countries and areas in the Asia Pacific, and more than 1 billion people are at risk of infection with at least one of them. Some NTDs, such as soil-transmitted helminthiases (intestinal worms) and foodborne trematodiases (liver and lung flukes), can be controlled easily at low cost, while others, such as leprosy, lymphatic filariasis (elephantiasis), schistosomiasis (snail fever), trachoma and yaws can even be eliminated.

 

Left untreated, NTD infections can cause blindness, cognitive impairments, limitations in psychomotor development and disfigurement. Families suffer as those affected members lose their ability to work and take part in social life. Entire communities bear the economic burden from increased health-care costs and reduced productivity.

 

However, proven strategies exist to prevent and treat NTDs. Five of these diseases can be treated properly for less than $0.25 per person through mass distribution of donated medicines to communities at risk; others require diagnosis and treatment delivered through primary health-care services.

 

Asia Pacific neglected tropical diseases initiative

 

The Asia Pacific NTD Initiative was created to support countries in decreasing the burden of NTDs and thereby to reduce suffering and increase productivity.

 

With the support of WHO and donors, the Asia Pacific NTD Initiative signifies a call to action for reducing the disproportionate burden of NTDs in the Asia and Pacific region and therefore contributing to poverty reduction in the region. The five-year Asia Pacific NTD Initiative for the control and elimination of NTDs, which highlights successes, priorities and needs, has been costed at $243 million.

 

Significant government ownership through budgetary and policy commitments and donor contributions account for nearly 50% of the total budget. The support of pharmaceutical companies and other partners, which donate a substantial proportion of the drugs for these efforts, is key to achieving success. These contributions are appreciated as a shining example of public–private partnerships for development. Yet a gap remains in achieving full access, highlighting yet again the regional health inequities.

 

About this publication

 

This publication describes the burden, outlines defined actionable objectives and signifies a call to action to help close the gap of $121 million needed to fight these diseases. This publication outlines how, with renewed commitment and investment, the Asia Pacific region can achieve the goals of neglected tropical diseases control and elimination and contribute to poverty reduction and development among its most vulnerable populations.

 

Contents

 

Executive Summary

Background

Asia Pacific NTD Initiative

Why Invest in a Regional NTD Initiative?

References

Appendixes

 

 

________________________________________________________________________

This information is provided to subscribers, friends, faculty, students and alumni of the School of Industrial & Labor Relations (ILR). It is a service of the Institute for Workplace Studies (IWS) in New York City. Stuart Basefsky is responsible for the selection of the contents which is intended to keep researchers, companies, workers, and governments aware of the latest information related to ILR disciplines as it becomes available for the purposes of research, understanding and debate. The content does not reflect the opinions or positions of Cornell University, the School of Industrial & Labor Relations, or that of Mr. Basefsky and should not be construed as such. The service is unique in that it provides the original source documentation, via links, behind the news and research of the day. Use of the information provided is unrestricted. However, it is requested that users acknowledge that the information was found via the IWS Documented News Service.

 

 




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