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[IWS] World Bank: VIETNAM DEVELOPMENT REPORT 2014: PREPARING THE WORK FORCE FOR A MODERN ECONOMCY (vol. 2 of 2) - MAIN REPORT [25 November 2013]

IWS Documented News Service

_______________________________

Institute for Workplace Studies----------------- Professor Samuel B. Bacharach

School of Industrial & Labor Relations-------- Director, Institute for Workplace Studies

Cornell University

16 East 34th Street, 4th floor---------------------- Stuart Basefsky

New York, NY 10016 -------------------------------Director, IWS News Bureau

________________________________________________________________________

 

World Bank

 

VIETNAM DEVELOPMENT REPORT 2014: PREPARING THE WORK FORCE FOR A MODERN ECONOMCY (vol. 2 of 2) - MAIN REPORT [25 November 2013]

http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2013/11/18556434/vietnam-development-report-2014-preparing-work-force-modern-market-economy-vol-2-2-main-report

or

http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2013/11/26/000461832_20131126115640/Rendered/PDF/829400AR0P13040Box0379879B00PUBLIC0.pdf

[full-text, 138 pages]

 

see also INFOGRAPHIC on Skilling up Vietnam: Preparing The Workforce for A Modern Market Economy

http://www.worldbank.org/en/news/feature/2013/11/29/infographic-skilling-up-vietnam-preparing-the-workforce-for-a-modern-market-economy

 

 

Contents

Executive Summary ...................................................................................................................................... 7

Overview – Skilling up Vietnam: Preparing the workforce for a modern market economy ...................... 11

Skills and development in Vietnam ........................................................................................................ 11

Looking back: Vietnam’s shift away from agriculture and the role of education .............................. 11

Looking ahead: Modern jobs and changing skill needs ...................................................................... 13

What skills are in demand today (and will be in 2020)? ........................................................................ 15

Defining “skills” ................................................................................................................................... 15

How are cognitive, behavioral and technical skills formed? .............................................................. 16

Preparing the workforce for a modern market economy .................................................................. 17

Step 1: Promoting school readiness through early childhood development ..................................... 18

Step 2: Building the cognitive and behavioral foundation in general education ............................... 20

Step 3: Building job-relevant technical skills through a more connected system .............................. 23

Summary ................................................................................................................................................. 28

Chapter 1: Vietnam’s economic transformation and the role of education .............................................. 31

rends in Vietnam’s labor market since i m i.................................................................................... 31

he role of education in Vietnam’s labor market................................................................................... 36

Looking ahead: Skill needs for an industrializing Vietnam ..................................................................... 42

Summary ................................................................................................................................................. 46

Chapter 2: Skills for current and future jobs .............................................................................................. 49

Shifting the dialogue: from education to skills ....................................................................................... 50

What do we mean by skills? ................................................................................................................... 55

What skills are in demand and used in the urban labor market? .......................................................... 60

Summary ................................................................................................................................................. 66

In depth: What are cognitive, behavioral and technical skills and how are they measured? ............... 67

In depth: Gender and skills in Vietnam .................................................................................................. 71

In depth: Comparing skills in Ho Chi Minh City and Hanoi ..................................................................... 73

In depth: Social and behavioral skills in Vietnam ................................................................................... 75

Chapter 3: Skills formation and the importance of the early years ........................................................... 77

What do we know about the formation of cognitive, social and technical skills? ................................. 77

Sensitive and critical periods for building a skill ..................................................................................... 79

New skills are built off earlier skills and benefit from previous investments .................................... 82

Behavioral skills feed into cognitive skills and vice versa ................................................................... 83

Step 1: School readiness through early childhood development........................................................... 83

Effective parenting for children aged 0-3 ........................................................................................... 85

High quality preschool for children aged 3-6 ..................................................................................... 88

Summary ................................................................................................................................................. 89

Chapter 4: Cognitive and Behavioral Foundation Skills in the General Education System ........................ 91

General education in Vietnam at a glance ............................................................................................. 92

Step 2: Building the cognitive and behavioral foundation in general education ................................... 95

More schooling ................................................................................................................................... 95

Better schooling .................................................................................................................................. 99

More involvement of parents and communities in schooling ......................................................... 105

Summary ............................................................................................................................................... 106

In depth: Education and skills development in Korea .......................................................................... 107

Chapter 5: Technical skills to promote employability .............................................................................. 111

Technical skills development in Vietnam at a glance ........................................................................... 111

Step 3: Building job-relevant technical skills through a more connected system................................ 116

Better information ............................................................................................................................ 117

Adequate incentives ......................................................................................................................... 121

Enhanced capacity ............................................................................................................................ 125

Summary ............................................................................................................................................... 128

In depth: Developing occupational skills standards in Vietnam’s tourism sector ................................ 129

References ................................................................................................................................................ 131

Endnotes ................................................................................................................................................... 137

 

 

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