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[IWS] ECLAC: SOCIAL PANORAMA OF LATIN AMERICA 2013: BRIEFING PAPER [5 December 2013]

IWS Documented News Service

_______________________________

Institute for Workplace Studies----------------- Professor Samuel B. Bacharach

School of Industrial & Labor Relations-------- Director, Institute for Workplace Studies

Cornell University

16 East 34th Street, 4th floor---------------------- Stuart Basefsky

New York, NY 10016 -------------------------------Director, IWS News Bureau

________________________________________________________________________

 

Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC)

 

SOCIAL PANORAMA OF LATIN AMERICA 2013: BRIEFING PAPER [5 December 2013]

http://www.eclac.org/cgi-bin/getProd.asp?xml=%20/publicaciones/xml/8/51768/P51768.xml&xsl=/tpl-i/p9f.xsl%20&base=/tpl-i/top-bottom.xslt

or

http://www.eclac.org/publicaciones/xml/8/51768/SocialPanorama2013Briefing.pdf

[full-text, 44 pages]

 

Abstract

The 2013 edition of Social Panorama of Latin America presents ECLAC official measurements for the analysis of income poverty and seeks fresh approaches to poverty and well-being, placing special emphasis on multidimensional approaches. These approaches are exploratory and therefore not comprehensive. They have nevertheless been tackled in this year’s edition of Social Panorama because one thing is certain: the need is emerging in social policy design, in the evaluation of social development and in new demands of society for a more nuanced analysis of social progress and lags to underpin more integrated public policy design.

 

Contents

Summary.................................................................................................................................................................5

Introduction............................................................................................................................................................7

I. Poverty from different perspectives..................................................................................................................11

A. Analysis of income poverty..........................................................................................................................11

B. Multidimensional analysis of poverty...........................................................................................................13

C. Income distribution......................................................................................................................................16

II. Child poverty in Latin America and the Caribbean: a multidimensional, rights-based approach......................19

A. Rights-based approach and multidimensional measurement of child poverty...............................................19

B. Levels of deprivation in the different dimensions of poverty in Latin America and some Caribbean countries...........................22

III. Commonly overlooked aspects of well-being —space, time and coexistence...................................................25

A. Space: environmental problems in cities......................................................................................................25

B. Time: available time and paid and unpaid work..........................................................................................26

C. Coexistence: high levels of violence in Latin America..................................................................................28

IV. Social protection in Latin America: an up-to-date review of membership of health and pension systems..............................31

A. An overview of population coverage............................................................................................................32

B. Aspects of health-care affiliation in the countries.........................................................................................33

C. Aspects of pension-system affiliation in the countries...................................................................................34

D. Determinants of employee pension affiliation: a multivariate analysis..........................................................35

E. Actual access to pensions and pension levels...............................................................................................36

V. Recent trends in social spending and economic, social and demographic considerations for health spending...............................37

A. Public social spending in Latin America and the Caribbean .........................................................................37

B. Trends in public spending on health............................................................................................................38

C. Out-of-pocket health expenses and the effects on well-being ......................................................................40

D. Population ageing and the future of health spending....................................................................................41

Bibliography..........................................................................................................................................................42

 

 

 

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