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[IWS] NSF: BUSINESS & ACADEMIA R&D RELATIONSHIPS [19 September 2013]
IWS Documented News Service
Institute for Workplace Studies----------------- Professor Samuel B. Bacharach
School of Industrial & Labor Relations-------- Director, Institute for Workplace Studies
16 East 34th Street, 4th floor---------------------- Stuart Basefsky
New York, NY 10016 -------------------------------Director, IWS News Bureau
National Science Foundation (NSF)
InfoBrief NSF 13-333
Two NSF Surveys on R&D Document Varied Relationships between Businesses and Academia [19 September 2013]
[full-text, 6 pages]
Universities reported that 4.9%, or $3.2 billion, of their $65 billion total in research and development expenditures in FY 2011 was funded by businesses, according to the National Science Foundation's (NSF's) Higher Education Research and Development (HERD) Survey. This percentage has remained very stable since the late 1970s (between 5% and 7% of total R&D expenditures).
Overall, the share of academic R&D funded by businesses did not differ much between private institutions (5.2%) and public institutions (4.7%). Relatively large shares of the R&D funding provided by businesses went toward two fields: the medical sciences (39%) and engineering (26%) (figure 1). The remainder of business-funded academic R&D was divided between biological sciences, agricultural sciences, environmental sciences, and other fields. Compared with academic R&D funded by businesses, the academic sector's overall R&D expenditures were less concentrated in the fields of medical sciences and engineering (31% and 15%, respectively, of the $65 billion total).
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