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[IWS] CRS: Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity Discrimination in Employment: A Legal Analysis of the Employment Non-Discrimination Act (ENDA) [15 July 2013]

IWS Documented News Service

_______________________________

Institute for Workplace Studies----------------- Professor Samuel B. Bacharach

School of Industrial & Labor Relations-------- Director, Institute for Workplace Studies

Cornell University

16 East 34th Street, 4th floor---------------------- Stuart Basefsky

New York, NY 10016 -------------------------------Director, IWS News Bureau

________________________________________________________________________

 

Congressional Research Service (CRS)

 

Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity Discrimination in Employment: A Legal Analysis of the Employment Non-Discrimination Act (ENDA)

Jody Feder, Legislative Attorney

Cynthia Brougher, Legislative Attorney

July 15, 2013

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/R40934.pdf

[full-text, 15 pages]

 

Summary

Introduced in various incarnations in every congressional session since the 103rd Congress, the

proposed Employment Non-Discrimination Act (ENDA; H.R. 1755/S. 815) would prohibit

discrimination based on an individual’s actual or perceived sexual orientation or gender identity

by public and private employers in hiring, discharge, compensation, and other terms and

conditions of employment. The stated purpose of the legislation is “to address the history and

persistent, widespread pattern of discrimination, including unconstitutional discrimination, on the

basis of sexual orientation and gender identity by private sector employers and local, State, and

Federal Government employers,” as well as to provide effective remedies for such discrimination.

Patterned on Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the act would be enforced by the Equal

Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC).

 

Contents

Introduction ...................................................................................................................................... 1

Coverage .......................................................................................................................................... 1

Prohibited Acts ................................................................................................................................. 2

Sexual Orientation ..................................................................................................................... 3

Gender Identity .......................................................................................................................... 5

Exceptions for the Armed Forces and Religious Organizations ...................................................... 6

Enforcement and Remedies ............................................................................................................. 9

Contacts

Author Contact Information........................................................................................................... 12

 

 

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This information is provided to subscribers, friends, faculty, students and alumni of the School of Industrial & Labor Relations (ILR). It is a service of the Institute for Workplace Studies (IWS) in New York City. Stuart Basefsky is responsible for the selection of the contents which is intended to keep researchers, companies, workers, and governments aware of the latest information related to ILR disciplines as it becomes available for the purposes of research, understanding and debate. The content does not reflect the opinions or positions of Cornell University, the School of Industrial & Labor Relations, or that of Mr. Basefsky and should not be construed as such. The service is unique in that it provides the original source documentation, via links, behind the news and research of the day. Use of the information provided is unrestricted. However, it is requested that users acknowledge that the information was found via the IWS Documented News Service.

 




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