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[IWS] BLS: JOB OPENINGS AND LABOR TURNOVER – JULY 2013 [10 September 2013]
IWS Documented News Service
Institute for Workplace Studies----------------- Professor Samuel B. Bacharach
School of Industrial & Labor Relations-------- Director, Institute for Workplace Studies
16 East 34th Street, 4th floor---------------------- Stuart Basefsky
New York, NY 10016 -------------------------------Director, IWS News Bureau
JOB OPENINGS AND LABOR TURNOVER – JULY 2013 [10 September 2013]
[full-text, 18 pages]
Supplemental Files Table of Contents
There were 3.7 million job openings on the last business day of July, little changed from June, the U.S.
Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. The hires rate (3.2 percent) and separations rate (3.0 percent)
also were little changed in July. This release includes estimates of the number and rate of job openings,
hires, and separations for the nonfarm sector by industry and by geographic region.
The number of job openings in July was 3.7 million, little changed from June. (See table 1.) The number
of job openings was little changed in July in all industries and regions except professional and business
services where the level dropped.
The number of job openings in July (not seasonally adjusted) was little changed over the year for total
nonfarm, total private, and government. Increases in job openings in several industries were offset by
decreases in job openings in several other industries, leading to little change at the total nonfarm level.
In the Midwest region, the number of job openings rose over the year. (See table 7.)
The number of hires in July was 4.4 million, essentially unchanged from June. The number of hires also
was little changed for total private and government. Over the month, the hires level increased for health
care and social assistance. The number of hires was little changed in all four regions. (See table 2.)
Over the 12 months ending in July, the number of hires (not seasonally adjusted) was little changed for
total nonfarm and government but rose for total private. The number of hires increased over the year in
finance and insurance, professional and business services, and federal government. The hires level rose
over the year in the South. (See table 8.)
Total separations includes quits, layoffs and discharges, and other separations. Total separations is
referred to as turnover. Quits are generally voluntary separations initiated by the employee. Therefore,
the quits rate can serve as a measure of workers' willingness or ability to leave jobs. Layoffs and
discharges are involuntary separations initiated by the employer. Other separations include separations
due to retirement, death, and disability, as well as transfers to other locations of the same firm.
There were 4.1 million total separations in July, little changed from June. The number of total separations
for total private also was little changed while the number fell in government, reflecting a decline in state
and local government over the month.
In July, the quits rates were essentially unchanged at 1.7 percent for total nonfarm, 1.9 percent for total
private, and 0.6 percent for government. The quits rate was little changed over the month for all
industries and regions. (See table 4.)
The number of quits (not seasonally adjusted) rose over the 12 months ending in July for total nonfarm
and total private but was little changed for government. The number of quits rose in finance and
insurance, professional and business services, and health care and social assistance. The rise in these three
industries was partially offset by a decline in the number of quits in mining and logging and wholesale
trade. The Midwest had a rise in the number of quits over the year but there was little change in the other
three regions. (See table 10.)
The layoffs and discharges rate was essentially unchanged in July at 1.1 percent. The rates were little
changed over the month for total private (1.2 percent) and government (0.4 percent). The rate was little
changed in July for all four regions. Seasonally adjusted estimates of layoffs and discharges are not
available for individual industries. (See table 5.)
The layoffs and discharges level (not seasonally adjusted) was little changed over the 12 months ending
in July for total nonfarm, total private, and government. Over the year, the number of layoffs and
discharges decreased in construction. The level was essentially unchanged in all four regions. (See table
In July, there were 328,000 other separations for total nonfarm, a decline from June. The number of
other separations decreased over the month for total private and government. Seasonally adjusted
estimates of other separations are not available for individual industries or regions. (See table 6.) Over
the 12 months ending in July, the number of other separations was little changed for total nonfarm and
total private but decreased for government. (See table 12.)
AND MUCH MORE...including TABLES....
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