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[IWS] ADB: KEY INDICATORS FOR ASIA AND THE PACIFIC 2013 [21 August 2013]

IWS Documented News Service

_______________________________

Institute for Workplace Studies----------------- Professor Samuel B. Bacharach

School of Industrial & Labor Relations-------- Director, Institute for Workplace Studies

Cornell University

16 East 34th Street, 4th floor---------------------- Stuart Basefsky

New York, NY 10016 -------------------------------Director, IWS News Bureau

________________________________________________________________________

 

Asian Development Bank (ADB)

 

KEY INDICATORS FOR ASIA AND THE PACIFIC 2013 [21  August 2013]

http://www.adb.org/publications/key-indicators-asia-and-pacific-2013

or
http://www.adb.org/sites/default/files/pub/2013/ki2013_0.pdf

[full-text, 388 pages]

The Key Indicators for Asia and the Pacific 2013 (Key Indicators), the 44th edition of this series, includes the latest available economic, financial, social, and environmental indicators for the 48 regional members of the Asian Development Bank (ADB). This publication aims to present the latest key statistics on development issues concerning the economies of Asia and the Pacific to a wide audience, including policy makers, development practitioners, government officials, researchers, students, and the general public. Part I of this issue of the Key Indicators is a special chapter—“Asia’s Economic Transformation: Where to, How, and How Fast?”. Parts II and III comprise of brief, non-technical analyses and statistical tables on the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and seven other themes. This year, the 2013 edition of the Framework of Inclusive Growth Indicators, a special supplement to Key Indicators is also included.

The statistical tables in this issue of the Key Indicators may also be downloaded in MS Excel format from this website or in user-specified format at SDBS Online.

Highlights

Several priorities merit consideration for Asia’s continuing transformation:

  • Developing Asia needs to make a significant qualitative leap in structural transformation and to focus on transferring labor from sectors of low productivity (typically agriculture) into sectors of high productivity;
  • But future transformation will most likely not resemble in pace and direction that seen in Japan and the newly industrialized economies during the second half of the 20th century, as the overall economic environment is very different today. The rest of developing Asia may not be likely to transform as quickly as this group;
  • Policymakers ought to focus on facilitating firms and workforces to develop the capabilities they need to manufacture new products, to enter new markets, and to move up the development ladder (i.e., to make and provide increasingly sophisticated and complex products and services);
  • Developments in agriculture will be key for Asia’s future, in particular for the low-income economies. Agriculture has to “industrialize” (i.e., develop agribusiness and adopt modern methods) for the sector to achieve productivity levels similar to those in the economy as a whole; and
  • History suggests that manufacturing is important and that industrialization has been nearly essential for an economy to achieve high income levels.

Contents

Front Matter

Part I – Special Chapter: Asia’s Economic Transformation: Where to, How, and How Fast?

The special chapter on “Asia’s Economic Transformation: Where to, How, and How Fast?” analyzes the direction and pace of Asia’s transformation during recent decades and sketches the main contours of economic transformation that can be expected in coming decades. It highlights facts and insights that are important for developing Asia to consider in moving ahead: (i) agriculture needs to be modernized by deploying infrastructure, introducing technological improvements, developing agribusiness, and increasing linkages to global value chains; (ii) industrialization is a step that, in general, is difficult to bypass on the path to becoming a high-income economy; (iii) the service sector is already the largest source of employment and this trend will continue; (iv) basic education of high quality matters for industrial upgrading and, in general, for the development of new industries that can compete internationally; and (v) although it is important for countries to exploit their comparative advantages, some form of government intervention may be necessary and unavoidable to expedite economic transformation.

Part II – Millennium Development Goals

Part II contains the MDG indicators and short commentaries on progress toward achieving the specified targets. Two years before the MDG deadline in 2015, the region continues to make progress toward achieving the MDGs, although unevenly across the goals and economies. While most of the region has achieved significant progress in reducing poverty, improving access to universal primary education, and promoting gender equality and women’s empowerment, the progress in reducing child mortality and malnourishment and improving maternal health will probably not suffice to meet the 2015 targets.

Introduction to the Millennium Development Goals

PDF

Goal 1: Eradicate Extreme Poverty and Hunger

PDF

XLS

Goal 2: Achieve Universal Primary Education

PDF

XLS

Goal 3: Promote Gender Equality and Empower Women

PDF

XLS

Goal 4: Reduce Child Mortality

PDF

XLS

Goal 5: Improve Maternal Health

PDF

XLS

Goal 6: Combat HIV/AIDS, Malaria, and Other Diseases

PDF

XLS

Goal 7: Ensure Environmental Sustainability

PDF

XLS

Goal 8: Develop a Global Partnership for Development

PDF

XLS

Part III – Regional Trends and Tables

Regional Tables in Part III present indicators in seven themes: People; Economy and Output; Money, Finance, and Prices; Globalization; Transport, Electricity, and Communications; Energy and Environment; and Government and Governance. Although economic growth in the region was subdued in 2012, the message all the regional tables reinforce is that of Asia’s growing importance in the world. The Asia and Pacific region now accounts for over half of the global population, more than one-third of global GDP (in purchasing power parity terms), and about a third of world exports. However, this growing importance brings with it growing concerns. The region now consumes two-fifths of world energy, continues to increase its emissions of greenhouse gases and other pollutants, and faces increasing traffic congestion and rising consumption of scarce resources.

Introduction to the Regional Trends and Tables

PDF

People

PDF

XLS

Economy and Output

PDF

XLS

Money, Finance, and Prices

PDF

XLS

Globalization

PDF

XLS

Transport, Electricity, and Communications

PDF

XLS

Energy and Environment

PDF

XLS

Government and Governance

PDF

XLS

Part IV – Definitions

Country profiles

Country Tables

Afghanistan

PDF

XLS

Armenia

PDF

XLS

Australia

PDF

XLS

Azerbaijan

PDF

XLS

Bangladesh

PDF

XLS

Bhutan

PDF

XLS

Brunei Darussalam

PDF

XLS

Cambodia

PDF

XLS

China, People's Republic of

PDF

XLS

Cook Islands

PDF

XLS

Fiji

PDF

XLS

Georgia

PDF

XLS

Hong Kong, China

PDF

XLS

India

PDF

XLS

Indonesia

PDF

XLS

Japan

PDF

XLS

Kazakhstan

PDF

XLS

Kiribati

PDF

XLS

Korea, Republic of

PDF

XLS

Kyrgyz Republic

PDF

XLS

Lao People's Democratic Republic

PDF

XLS

Malaysia

PDF

XLS

Maldives

PDF

XLS

Marshall Islands

PDF

XLS

Micronesia, Federated States of

PDF

XLS

Mongolia

PDF

XLS

Myanmar

PDF

XLS

Nauru

PDF

XLS

Nepal

PDF

XLS

New Zealand

PDF

XLS

Pakistan

PDF

XLS

Palau

PDF

XLS

Papua New Guinea

PDF

XLS

Philippines

PDF

XLS

Samoa

PDF

XLS

Singapore

PDF

XLS

Solomon Islands

PDF

XLS

Sri Lanka

PDF

XLS

Taipei,China

PDF

XLS

Tajikistan

PDF

XLS

Thailand

PDF

XLS

Timor-Leste

PDF

XLS

Tonga

PDF

XLS

Turkmenistan

PDF

XLS

Tuvalu

PDF

XLS

Uzbekistan

PDF

XLS

Vanuatu

PDF

XLS

Viet Nam

PDF

XLS

Framework of Inclusive Growth Indicators

The Framework of Inclusive Growth Indicators 2013 (FIGI 2013) is the follow-up edition to FIGI 2012, which proposed a set of 35 indicators as measures of income and non-income outcomes of inclusive growth; the processes and inputs that are important to improve access to opportunities, social inclusion, social safety nets; and good governance and institutions.

 

 

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This information is provided to subscribers, friends, faculty, students and alumni of the School of Industrial & Labor Relations (ILR). It is a service of the Institute for Workplace Studies (IWS) in New York City. Stuart Basefsky is responsible for the selection of the contents which is intended to keep researchers, companies, workers, and governments aware of the latest information related to ILR disciplines as it becomes available for the purposes of research, understanding and debate. The content does not reflect the opinions or positions of Cornell University, the School of Industrial & Labor Relations, or that of Mr. Basefsky and should not be construed as such. The service is unique in that it provides the original source documentation, via links, behind the news and research of the day. Use of the information provided is unrestricted. However, it is requested that users acknowledge that the information was found via the IWS Documented News Service.

 




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